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Addition Date Target Mission InstrumentSort Descending Size
Add Image to Favorite List 2004-06-08 Mars Mars Exploration Rover (MER)
Alpha Particle X-ray Spectrometer
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Spirit Sees Salty Soil
PIA06043:
Spirit Sees Salty Soil
Full Resolution:     TIFF (3.09 MB)     JPEG (813.4 kB)
Add Image to Favorite List 2004-07-16 Mars Mars Exploration Rover (MER)
Alpha Particle X-ray Spectrometer
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This plot shows that levels of the element chlorine rise dramatically in the deeper rocks lining the walls of the crater dubbed 'Endurance' on Mars. The data shown here were taken by NASA's Mars Exploration Rover Opportunity.
PIA06683:
Chlorine Clues
Full Resolution:     TIFF (271.6 kB)     JPEG (30.27 kB)
Add Image to Favorite List 2011-09-01 Mars Mars Exploration Rover (MER)
Alpha Particle X-ray Spectrometer
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This graphic presents information gained by examining part of the Martian rock called 'Tisdale 2' with the alpha particle X-ray spectrometer onboard NASA's Mars Exploration Rover Opportunity. Found were elevated zinc and bromine in the rock.
PIA14747:
Elevated Zinc and Bromine in Rock on Endeavour Rim
Full Resolution:     TIFF (631 kB)     JPEG (64.27 kB)
Add Image to Favorite List 2014-09-11 Mars Mars Science Laboratory (MSL)
Alpha Particle X-ray Spectrometer
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Data from the Alpha Particle X-ray Spectrometer (APXS) instrument on NASA's Mars rover Curiosity show an unusual enrichment of silicon in the rocks dubbed 'Wildrose' and 'Bonanza King,' relative to other rocks studied at Gale Crater on Mars.
PIA18479:
Martian Rocks Rich in Silicon
Full Resolution:     TIFF (4.739 MB)     JPEG (134.6 kB)
Add Image to Favorite List 2015-12-17 Mars Mars Science Laboratory (MSL)
Alpha Particle X-ray Spectrometer
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The yellow triangles on this graph indicate concentrations of the elements titanium and silicon in selected rock targets with high silica content analyzed by the APXS instrument on NASA's Curiosity rover in Mars' Gale Crater.
PIA20274:
Silicon and Titanium Correlation in Selected Rocks at Gale Crater, Mars
Full Resolution:     TIFF (384 kB)     JPEG (163.3 kB)
Add Image to Favorite List 2015-12-17 Mars Mars Science Laboratory (MSL)
Alpha Particle X-ray Spectrometer
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NASA's Curiosity Mars rover examined both the 'Greenhorn' and 'Big Sky' targets with the rover's Alpha Particle X-ray Spectrometer (APXS) instrument.
PIA20275:
'Big Sky' and 'Greenhorn' Elemental Comparison
Full Resolution:     TIFF (675.1 kB)     JPEG (193.7 kB)
Add Image to Favorite List 2015-12-17 Mars Mars Science Laboratory (MSL)
Alpha Particle X-ray Spectrometer
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This graph shows the ratio of concentrations of several elements in four different pairs of targets examined by Alpha Particle X-ray Spectrometer (APXS) instruments on NASA Mars rovers Curiosity and Spirit.
PIA20276:
Alteration Effects at Gale and Gusev Craters
Full Resolution:     TIFF (402.1 kB)     JPEG (187 kB)
Add Image to Favorite List 2012-12-03 Mars Mars Science Laboratory (MSL)
Alpha Particle X-ray Spectrometer (MSL)
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This graph compares the elemental composition of typical soils at three landing regions on Mars: Gusev Crater, from Spirit; Meridiani Planum, from Opportunity; and now Gale Crater, where NASA's newest Curiosity rover is currently investigating.
PIA16572:
Inspecting Soils Across Mars
Full Resolution:     TIFF (5.762 MB)     JPEG (141.9 kB)
Add Image to Favorite List 2013-03-18 Mars Mars Science Laboratory (MSL)
Alpha Particle X-ray Spectrometer (MSL)
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This graphic presents results from APXS onboard NASA's rover Curiosity, with the comparisons simplified across diverse elements by dividing the amount of each element measured in the rocks by the amount of the same element in a local soil.
PIA16791:
Elemental Compositions of 'Yellowknife Bay' Rocks
Full Resolution:     TIFF (6.663 MB)     JPEG (161.1 kB)
Add Image to Favorite List 2012-09-12 Mars Mars Science Laboratory (MSL)
Alpha Particle X-ray Spectrometer (MSL)
Mastcam
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This image shows the Alpha Particle X-Ray Spectrometer (APXS) on NASA's Curiosity rover, with the Martian landscape in the background. This image let researchers know that the APXS instrument had not become caked with dust during Curiosity's landing.
PIA16160:
Portrait of APXS on Mars
Full Resolution:     TIFF (2.177 MB)     JPEG (82.27 kB)
Add Image to Favorite List 2004-03-13 Mars Mars Exploration Rover (MER)
Alpha Particle X-ray Spectrometer
Microscopic Imager
Moessbauer Spectrometer
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This image from NASA's Mars Exploration Rover Opportunity shows 'blueberries' discovered on Mars. They are spherules that are the abundant spherical hematite inclusions.
PIA05564:
Finding the 'Blueberry' Muffin Recipe
Full Resolution:     TIFF (3.818 MB)     JPEG (484.1 kB)
Add Image to Favorite List 2005-01-03 Mars Mars Exploration Rover (MER)
Alpha Particle X-ray Spectrometer
Miniature Thermal Emission Spectrometer
Panoramic Camera
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Spirit View of 'Wishstone' (False Color)
PIA07191:
Spirit View of 'Wishstone' (False Color)
Full Resolution:     TIFF (2.477 MB)     JPEG (103.8 kB)
Add Image to Favorite List 2004-02-02 Mars Mars Exploration Rover (MER)
Alpha Particle X-ray Spectrometer
Panoramic Camera
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NASA's Mars Exploration Rover Opportunity shows the rover's alpha particle X-ray spectrometer (circular device in center), located on its instrument deployment device, or 'arm.'
PIA05196:
X-ray Machine on Mars
Full Resolution:     TIFF (219.7 kB)     JPEG (28.59 kB)
Add Image to Favorite List 2004-08-18 Mars Mars Exploration Rover (MER)
Alpha Particle X-ray Spectrometer
Panoramic Camera
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'Clovis' in Color
PIA06772:
'Clovis' in Color
Full Resolution:     TIFF (2.967 MB)     JPEG (126.1 kB)
Add Image to Favorite List 2004-03-02 Mars Mars Exploration Rover (MER)
Alpha Particle X-ray Spectrometer
Rock Abrasion Tool (RAT)
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These plots, or spectra, show that a rock dubbed 'McKittrick' near the Mars Exploration Rover Opportunity's landing site at Meridiani Planum, Mars, possesses the highest concentration of sulfur yet observed on Mars.
PIA05468:
"McKittrick" Rich in Sulfur
Full Resolution:     TIFF (546.9 kB)     JPEG (137.5 kB)
Add Image to Favorite List 2004-03-02 Mars Mars Exploration Rover (MER)
Alpha Particle X-ray Spectrometer
Rock Abrasion Tool (RAT)
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These plots, or spectra, show that a rock dubbed 'McKittrick' near NASA's Mars Exploration Rover Opportunity's landing site at Meridiani Planum, Mars, has higher concentrations of sulfur and bromine than a nearby patch of soil nicknamed 'Tarmac.'
PIA05469:
Salty Martian Rock
Full Resolution:     TIFF (597 kB)     JPEG (161.6 kB)
Add Image to Favorite List 2004-03-02 Mars Mars Exploration Rover (MER)
Alpha Particle X-ray Spectrometer
Rock Abrasion Tool (RAT)
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This graph shows the relative abundances of sulfur (in the form of sulfur tri-oxide) and chlorine at three Meridiani Planum sites: soil measured in the small crater where NASA's Mars Exploration Rover Opportunity landedin 2004.
PIA05483:
A Trail of Salts
Full Resolution:     TIFF (110.4 kB)     JPEG (29.02 kB)
Add Image to Favorite List 2004-04-01 Mars Mars Exploration Rover (MER)
Alpha Particle X-ray Spectrometer
Rock Abrasion Tool (RAT)
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This graph shows the chemical composition of the rock at Gusev Crater dubbed 'Mazatzal' after it was brushed and ground by NASA's Mars Exploration Rover Spirit's rock abrasion tool.
PIA05674:
Outer Appearances Can Be Deceiving
Full Resolution:     TIFF (137.9 kB)     JPEG (34.22 kB)
Add Image to Favorite List 2004-04-01 Mars Mars Exploration Rover (MER)
Alpha Particle X-ray Spectrometer
Rock Abrasion Tool (RAT)
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This graph shows the chemical composition of the rock at Gusev Crater dubbed 'Mazatzal' after it was brushed and ground by NASA's Mars Exploration Rover Spirit's rock abrasion tool.
PIA05675:
What's on the Inside Counts
Full Resolution:     TIFF (142 kB)     JPEG (35.16 kB)
Add Image to Favorite List 2010-12-16 Mars Mars Express (MEX)
Mars Global Surveyor (MGS)
Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO)
Altimeter
CRISM
Visible and Infrared Mineralogical Mapping Spectrometer
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On this map of Mars, spectrometers on spacecraft orbiting Mars have detected clay minerals (green) and hydrated minerals-- clays, sulfates and others (blue).
PIA13703:
Regions of Mars with Clays and Hydrated Minerals Identified from Orbit
Full Resolution:     TIFF (13.63 MB)     JPEG (581.5 kB)
Add Image to Favorite List 1997-08-15 Mars Mars Pathfinder (MPF)
Atmospheric Structure / Meteorology Instrument
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This figure shows the variation with time of pressure (dots) measured by NASA's Pathfinder MET instrument during the landing period . The two diamonds indicate the times of bridal cutting and 1st impact. Sol 1 began on July 4, 1997.
PIA00798:
Atmospheric Pressure During Landing
Full Resolution:     TIFF (35.63 kB)     JPEG (27.33 kB)
Add Image to Favorite List 1997-08-15 Mars Mars Pathfinder (MPF)
Atmospheric Structure / Meteorology Instrument
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This figure shows the signature of a dust devil that passed over NASA's Pathfinder Lander on Sol 25. Since then we have seen several similar features. Sol 1 began on July 4, 1997.
PIA00900:
Dust Devil - Sol 25
Full Resolution:     TIFF (56.29 kB)     JPEG (30.93 kB)
Add Image to Favorite List 1997-09-28 Mars Mars Pathfinder (MPF)
Atmospheric Structure / Meteorology Instrument
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This figure compares the most recent temperature profile derived from NASA's Pathfinder ASI accelerometer data during entry, with the Viking 1 entry profile. The nominal profile is given by the solid red line. Sol 1 began on July 4, 1997.
PIA00926:
Temperature Profile from Pathfinder Atmospheric Structure Instrument
Full Resolution:     TIFF (133.3 kB)     JPEG (48.19 kB)
Add Image to Favorite List 1997-10-14 Mars Mars Pathfinder (MPF)
Atmospheric Structure / Meteorology Instrument
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NASA's Mars Pathfinder Lander measured surface pressure during its 83 days on Mars in 1997.
PIA00976:
MPF Lander Measured Surface Pressure
Full Resolution:     TIFF (19.31 kB)     JPEG (68.86 kB)
Add Image to Favorite List 1997-10-14 Mars Mars Pathfinder (MPF)
Atmospheric Structure / Meteorology Instrument
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In this figure from NASA's Mars Pathfinder, you can see a significant increase in pressure on Sol 81, Sept. 25 1997. This is an indication of a frontal system has moved across the landing sight.
PIA00977:
MPF Lander Measured Surface Pressure
Full Resolution:     TIFF (16.72 kB)     JPEG (60.7 kB)
Add Image to Favorite List 1997-10-14 Mars Mars Pathfinder (MPF)
Atmospheric Structure / Meteorology Instrument
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This temperature figure shows the change in the mean and variance of the temperature fluctuations at NASA's Mars Pathfinder landing site. The science team suspects that a cold front has past of the landing sight between Sols 80 and 81, Sept. 25 & 26, 1997
PIA00978:
MPF Top-Mast Measured Temperature
Full Resolution:     TIFF (21.08 kB)     JPEG (60.55 kB)
Add Image to Favorite List 1996-12-12 Mars Viking
Camera 1
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The letter 'B' or perhaps the figure '8' appears to have been etched into the Mars rock at the left edge of this picture taken by NASA's Viking 1 Lander. It is believed to be an illusion caused by weathering processes and the angle of the sun.
PIA00386:
Example of Weathering And Sun Angle
Full Resolution:     TIFF (147.1 kB)     JPEG (61.6 kB)
Add Image to Favorite List 1996-12-12 Mars Viking
Camera 1
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This Mars view looks northeast from NASA's Viking 1 and completes the 360 panorama of the landing site. A layer of haze can be seen in the Martian sky. Large dark boulders dominate the scene.
PIA00387:
Northeast View from Viking Landing Site
Full Resolution:     TIFF (67.34 kB)     JPEG (28.35 kB)
Add Image to Favorite List 1996-12-12 Mars Viking
Camera 1
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The flag of the United States stands on the surface of Mars. It is mounted on the housing of NASA's Viking 1's nuclear power system. Also seen are the U.S. Bicentennial symbol and a student-designed Viking emblem.
PIA00388:
The United States Flag Stands On The Surface Of Mars
Full Resolution:     TIFF (76.04 kB)     JPEG (32.89 kB)
Add Image to Favorite List 1996-12-12 Mars Viking
Camera 1
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This image from NASA's Viking 1 shows the trench excavated by its surface sampler.
PIA00389:
Trench Excavated By Viking 1 Surface Sampler
Full Resolution:     TIFF (62.27 kB)     JPEG (34.45 kB)
Add Image to Favorite List 1996-12-12 Mars Viking
Camera 1
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One of NASA's Viking 1's three feet, which should be visible in this view, lies buried beneath a cover of loose Martian soil.
PIA00390:
Viking Lander's Buried Footpad #3
Full Resolution:     TIFF (98.75 kB)     JPEG (41.22 kB)
Add Image to Favorite List 1996-12-30 Mars Viking
Camera 1
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Sand dunes and large rocks are revealed in this panorama picture of Mars, the first photograph taken by NASA's Viking 1's Camera 1 on July 23, 1976. The horizon is approximately 3 kilometers (2 miles) away.
PIA00391:
Sand Dunes And Large Rocks Revealed By Camera 1
Full Resolution:     TIFF (442.8 kB)     JPEG (166.7 kB)
Add Image to Favorite List 1996-12-12 Mars Viking
Camera 1
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Those Martian weather reports, received here daily from more than 200 million miles away, start right here at NASA's Viking 1's meteorology instrument. Mounted atop the extended boom, the meteorology sensors face away from the spacecraft.
PIA00392:
The Meteorology Instrument on Viking Lander 1
Full Resolution:     TIFF (54.68 kB)     JPEG (22.76 kB)
Add Image to Favorite List 1996-12-30 Mars Viking
Camera 1
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This spectacular picture of the Martian landscape by NASA's Viking 1 Lander shows a dune field with features remarkably similar to many seen in the deserts of Earth.
PIA00393:
Martian Dune Field
Full Resolution:     TIFF (528 kB)     JPEG (245 kB)
Add Image to Favorite List 1996-12-12 Mars Viking
Camera 1
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NASA's Viking 2's first picture on the surface of Mars was taken within minutes after the spacecraft touched down on Sept. 3, 1976. The scene reveals a wide variety of rocks littering a surface of fine-grained deposit.
PIA00396:
Viking Lander 2's First Picture On The Surface Of Mars
Full Resolution:     TIFF (448.6 kB)     JPEG (201.1 kB)
Add Image to Favorite List 1996-12-12 Mars Viking
Camera 1
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This pair of pictures from NASA's Viking Lander 1 at Mars' Chryse Planitia shows the only unequivocal change in the Martian surface seen by either lander. A high boulder nicknamed 'Big Joe' is shown next to a small-scale slump feature.
PIA00397:
Boulder 'Big Joe' And Surface Changes On Mars
Full Resolution:     TIFF (197 kB)     JPEG (64.2 kB)
Add Image to Favorite List 1997-01-09 Mars Viking
Camera 1
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A shallow 12-inch-long trench was dug by Viking 2's surface sampler scoop on Sept. 12, 1976 on Mars.
PIA00526:
Trench Left By Sampler Scoop
Full Resolution:     TIFF (31.99 kB)     JPEG (31.37 kB)
Add Image to Favorite List 1997-01-09 Mars Viking
Camera 1
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This six-inch-deep, 12- inch-wide, 29-inch-long hole was dug Feb. 12 and 14, 1976 by NASA's Viking Lander 1 as the first sequence in an attempt to reach a foot beneath the surface of the red planet Mars.
PIA00529:
VL1 Digs A Deep Hole On Mars
Full Resolution:     TIFF (59.61 kB)     JPEG (26.65 kB)
Add Image to Favorite List 1997-01-09 Mars Viking
Camera 1
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This image shows surface changes on Mars between touchdowns for NASA's Viking Lander 1 and Viking Lander 2 between Aug. 15, 1976 and Sept. 20, 1978. Whale Rock is shown at left.
PIA00532:
Surface Changes in Chryse Planitia
Full Resolution:     TIFF (253 kB)     JPEG (96.51 kB)
Add Image to Favorite List 1997-02-28 Mars Viking
Camera 1
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NASA's Viking 1 obtained this color picture of the Martian surface and sky on July 24, 1997; part of the spacecraft's gray structure in the foreground.
PIA00564:
Vivid Colors of the Viking Lander 1 Scene
Full Resolution:     TIFF (146.9 kB)     JPEG (25.6 kB)
Add Image to Favorite List 1997-02-28 Mars Viking
Camera 1
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The flag of the United States with the rocky Martian surface in the background is seen in this color picture taken on the sixth day of NASA's Viking Lander 1 on Mars on July 26, 1997.
PIA00565:
Viking Lander 1's U.S. Flag on Mars Surface
Full Resolution:     TIFF (93.11 kB)     JPEG (13.19 kB)
Add Image to Favorite List 1997-02-28 Mars Viking
Camera 1
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This high-resolution color photo of the surface of Mars was taken by NASA's Viking Lander 2 at its Utopia Planitia landing site on May 18, 1979, and relayed to Earth by Orbiter 1 on June 7.
PIA00571:
Ice on Mars Utopia Planitia Again
Full Resolution:     TIFF (329 kB)     JPEG (36.47 kB)
Add Image to Favorite List 1997-02-28 Mars Viking
Camera 1
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Near NASA's Viking 1 Lander on the Chryse Plains of Mars, 'Big Joe' stands a silent vigil.
PIA00572:
Big Joe in the Chryse Planitia
Full Resolution:     TIFF (402.9 kB)     JPEG (23.57 kB)
Add Image to Favorite List 2000-05-02 Mars Viking
Camera 1
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The boulder-strewn field of red rocks reaches to the horizon nearly two miles from NASA's Viking 2 on Mars' Utopian Plain.
PIA01522:
Viking 2 Image of Mars Utopian Plain
Full Resolution:     TIFF (18.8 MB)     JPEG (556.8 kB)
Add Image to Favorite List 2001-07-30 Mars Viking
Camera 1
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This image was taken by NASA's Viking Lander 1 at Chryse Planitia on Mars. The lander can be seen in the foreground looking toward the rugged martian terrain.
PIA03163:
Morning on Chryse Planitia - Viking Lander 1 Camera 1 Mosaic
Full Resolution:     TIFF (6.985 MB)     JPEG (1.413 MB)
Add Image to Favorite List 2001-07-30 Mars Viking
Camera 1
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This image was taken by NASA's Viking Lander 1 at Chryse Planitia on Mars. The lander can be seen in the foreground looking toward the rugged martian terrain.
PIA03164:
Morning on Chryse Planitia - Viking Lander 1 Camera 2 Mosaic
Full Resolution:     TIFF (7.228 MB)     JPEG (1.383 MB)
Add Image to Favorite List 2001-07-30 Mars Viking
Camera 1
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This image was taken by NASA's Viking Lander 1 at Chryse Planitia on Mars. The lander can be seen in the foreground looking toward the rugged martian terrain.
PIA03165:
Afternoon on Chryse Planitia - Viking Lander 1 Camera 1 Mosaic
Full Resolution:     TIFF (6.989 MB)     JPEG (1.123 MB)
Add Image to Favorite List 2001-07-30 Mars Viking
Camera 1
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This image was taken by NASA's Viking Lander 1 at Chryse Planitia on Mars. The lander can be seen in the foreground looking toward the rugged martian terrain.
PIA03166:
Afternoon on Chryse Planitia - Viking Lander 1 Camera 2 Mosaic
Full Resolution:     TIFF (7.736 MB)     JPEG (1.24 MB)
Add Image to Favorite List 1996-12-15 Mars Viking
Camera 2
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Operation of the surface sampler in obtaining Martian soil for NASA's Viking 2's molecular analysis experiment. Dubbed 'Bonneville Salt Flats,' the exposure of thin crust appeared unique in contrast with surrounding materials.
PIA00145:
Surface Sampler Arm Acquiring Sample
Full Resolution:     TIFF (280.1 kB)     JPEG (138.5 kB)
Add Image to Favorite List 1997-01-08 Mars Viking
Camera 2
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NASA's Viking Lander 2 captured this image of rocks nearby a large impact crater. Most rocks appear to have vesicles, or small holes, in them.
PIA00363:
Soil Sample Site
Full Resolution:     TIFF (353.3 kB)     JPEG (143.2 kB)
Add Image to Favorite List 1997-01-08 Mars Viking
Camera 2
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The rocky Martian plain surrounding NASA's Viking 2 is seen in high resolution in this 85-degree panorama sweeping from north at the left to east at right during the Martian afternoon on Sept. 5, 1976.
PIA00364:
Rocky Martian Plain
Full Resolution:     TIFF (545.3 kB)     JPEG (214.1 kB)
Add Image to Favorite List 1996-12-12 Mars Viking
Camera 2
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This is the first photograph ever taken on the surface of the planet Mars. It was obtained by NASA's Viking 1 just minutes after the spacecraft landed successfully July 20, 1976.
PIA00381:
First Photograph Taken On Mars Surface
Full Resolution:     TIFF (327.7 kB)     JPEG (152.2 kB)
Add Image to Favorite List 1996-12-30 Mars Viking
Camera 2
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First panoramic view by NASA's Viking 1 from the surface of Mars taken in 1976. Toward the right edge is an array of smooth fine-grained material which shows some hint of ripple structure and may be the beginning of a large dune field.
PIA00382:
First Panoramic View From The Surface Of Mars
Full Resolution:     TIFF (403.3 kB)     JPEG (165.7 kB)
Add Image to Favorite List 1996-12-30 Mars Viking
Camera 2
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First panoramic view by NASA's Viking 1 from the surface of Mars taken in 1976. Toward the right edge is an array of smooth fine-grained material which shows some hint of ripple structure and may be the beginning of a large dune field.
PIA00383:
First Panoramic View From The Surface Of Mars
Full Resolution:     TIFF (449.4 kB)     JPEG (167.8 kB)
Add Image to Favorite List 1996-12-12 Mars Viking
Camera 2
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The patch of dark material toward the top of this picture taken by NASA's Viking 1 Lander is the debris kicked up by the impact of a protective cover ejected from the spacecraft.
PIA00384:
Debris Kicked Up By Impact of A Protective Cover from Viking Lander 1
Full Resolution:     TIFF (121.1 kB)     JPEG (44.41 kB)
Add Image to Favorite List 1996-12-12 Mars Viking
Camera 2
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NASA's Viking 1 took this high-resolution on its third day on Mars. The photo shows numerous angular blocks ranging in size from a few centimeters to several meters.
PIA00385:
High Resolution Image From Viking Lander 1
Full Resolution:     TIFF (138.6 kB)     JPEG (67.02 kB)
Add Image to Favorite List 1996-12-12 Mars Viking
Camera 2
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The dark bullseye pattern seen at the top of NASA's Viking 1's camera calibration chart indicates the presence of magnetic particles in the fine dust in the Martian atmosphere.
PIA00394:
Magnetic Particles Are Found In The Martian Atmosphere
Full Resolution:     TIFF (56.71 kB)     JPEG (8.668 kB)
Add Image to Favorite List 1996-12-12 Mars Viking
Camera 2
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The collector head of NASA's Viking 1's surface sampler is full of Martian soil destined for the gas chromatograph mass spectrometer, the instrument which analyzes the surface material for the presence of organic molecules.
PIA00395:
The Collector Head Of Viking Lander 1's Surface Sampler
Full Resolution:     TIFF (17.72 kB)     JPEG (7.968 kB)
Add Image to Favorite List 1997-01-08 Mars Viking
Camera 2
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Photographic evidence of the successful series of commands to NASA's Viking 1 lander on Mars that unlocked the surface sampler arm is seen in this picture.
PIA00398:
Surface Sampler Arm
Full Resolution:     TIFF (115.2 kB)     JPEG (52.46 kB)
Add Image to Favorite List 1997-01-08 Mars Viking
Camera 2
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This rocky panoramic scene is the second picture of the Martian surface that was taken by NASA's Viking Lander 2 shortly after touchdown on Sept. 3, 1976. The site is on a northern plain of Mars known as Utopia Planitia.
PIA00399:
Northern Plains Of Mars
Full Resolution:     TIFF (514.3 kB)     JPEG (190.6 kB)
Add Image to Favorite List 1997-01-08 Mars Viking
Camera 2
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Two high-resolution scans by one of NASA's Viking 2's cameras were mosaiced to create this scene looking northeast to the horizon some three kilometers (two miles) away.
PIA00525:
High-Resolution Mosaic - Mars Rocky Horizon
Full Resolution:     TIFF (920.6 kB)     JPEG (363.5 kB)
Add Image to Favorite List 1997-01-09 Mars Viking
Camera 2
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Shining on the Martian surface near NASA's Viking 2 spacecraft is the aluminum shroud, or cover, which protected the collector head of the surface sampler instrument during Viking's year-long journey from Earth.
PIA00527:
Ejected Shroud on the Martian Surface
Full Resolution:     TIFF (107.5 kB)     JPEG (44.32 kB)
Add Image to Favorite List 1997-01-09 Mars Viking
Camera 2
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NASA's Viking 2's soil sampler collector arm successfully pushed a rock on the surface of Mars during the afternoon of Friday, Oct. 8, 1977.
PIA00528:
'Mister Badger' Pushing Mars Rock
Full Resolution:     TIFF (145.8 kB)     JPEG (62.16 kB)
Add Image to Favorite List 1997-01-09 Mars Viking
Camera 2
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NASA's Viking Lander 2 picture from Utopia Planitia shows the first clear indication of frost accumulation on the Martian surface seen by lander cameras. The season is late winter, Sept. 13, 1977.
PIA00530:
Frost on Utopia Planitia
Full Resolution:     TIFF (41.93 kB)     JPEG (16.12 kB)
Add Image to Favorite List 1997-01-09 Mars Viking
Camera 2
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NASA's Viking Lander 1 took this image of Mars' rocky surface.
PIA00531:
Viking Phase III
Full Resolution:     TIFF (359.9 kB)     JPEG (158.5 kB)
Add Image to Favorite List 1997-01-09 Mars Viking
Camera 2
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This high-resolution photo of the surface of Mars was taken by NASA's Viking Lander 2 at its Utopia Planitia landing site on May 18, 1979 and relayed to Earth by Viking Orbiter 1 on June 7.
PIA00533:
Ice On Mars
Full Resolution:     TIFF (359.8 kB)     JPEG (125.8 kB)
Add Image to Favorite List 1997-02-28 Mars Viking
Camera 2
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This color picture of Mars was taken July 21, 1997, the day following NASA's Viking l successfully landed on the red planet.
PIA00563:
First Color Image From Viking Lander 1
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Add Image to Favorite List 1997-02-28 Mars Viking
Camera 2
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This color image of the Martian surface in the Chryse area was taken by NASA's Viking Lander 1, looking southwest, about 15 minutes before sunset on the evening of August 21, 1997.
PIA00567:
Sunset at the Viking Lander 1 Site
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Add Image to Favorite List 1997-02-28 Mars Viking
Camera 2
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The first color picture taken by NASA's Viking 2 on the Martian surface shows a rocky reddish surface in 1997.
PIA00568:
First Color Image of the Viking Lander 2 Site
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Add Image to Favorite List 1997-02-28 Mars Viking
Camera 2
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Looking south from NASA's Viking 2 on Sept. 6, 1997, the orange-red surface of the nearly level plain upon which the spacecraft sits is seen strewn with rocks as large as three feet across.
PIA00569:
Bright Summer Afternoon on the Mars Utopian Planitia
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Add Image to Favorite List 1997-02-28 Mars Viking
Camera 2
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This image taken on Sept. 25, 1977 from NASA's Viking Lander 2 shows late-winter frost on the ground on Mars around the lander. The view is southeast over the top of Lander 2, and shows patches of frost around dark rocks.
PIA00573:
Frost at the Viking Lander 2 Site
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Add Image to Favorite List 1997-02-28 Mars Viking
Camera 2
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A Martian sunrise was captured in this image taken by NASA's Viking 2 Lander on June 14, 1978, at the spacecraft's Utopia Planitia landing site.
PIA00576:
Martian Sunrise at Utopia Planitia
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Add Image to Favorite List 2008-05-30 Mars Viking
Camera 2
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This image was taken by NASA's Viking Lander 1 on August 1, 1976, 12 sols after landing. The soil beneath Viking 1 has been exposed due to exhaust from thruster engines during descent.
PIA10738:
Mars Surface near Viking Lander 1 Footpad
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Add Image to Favorite List 2012-10-30 Mars Mars Science Laboratory (MSL)
CheMin
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This graphic shows results of the first analysis of Martian soil by the CheMin experiment on NASA's Curiosity rover. The image reveals the presence of crystalline feldspar, pyroxenes and olivine mixed with some amorphous (non-crystalline) material.
PIA16217:
First X-ray View of Martian Soil
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Add Image to Favorite List 2013-03-12 Mars Mars Science Laboratory (MSL)
CheMin
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These images, made from data obtained by Curiosity's CheMin, show the patterns obtained from a drift of windblown dust and sand called 'Rocknest' and from a powdered rock sample drilled from the 'John Klein' bedrock.
PIA16830:
Minerals at 'Rocknest' and 'John Klein'
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Add Image to Favorite List 2014-11-04 Mars Mars Science Laboratory (MSL)
CheMin
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This side-by-side comparison shows the X-ray diffraction patterns of two different samples collected from rocks on Mars by NASA's Curiosity rover. The images present data obtained by Curiosity's Chemistry and Mineralogy instrument (CheMin).
PIA19038:
Signature of Hematite in 'Confidence Hills' Martian Rock
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Add Image to Favorite List 2015-12-17 Mars Mars Science Laboratory (MSL)
CheMin
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This graph presents information from the NASA Curiosity Mars rover's onboard analysis of rock powder drilled from the 'Buckskin' and 'Greenhorn' target locations on lower Mount Sharp.
PIA20273:
Silica in Opal at 'Buckskin' and 'Greenhorn' on Mount Sharp
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Add Image to Favorite List 2016-12-13 Mars Mars Science Laboratory (MSL)
CheMin
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This series of pie charts shows similarities and differences in the mineral compositions of mudstones at 10 sites where NASA's Curiosity Mars rover collected rock-powder samples and analyzed them with the rover's Chemistry and Mineralogy instrument.
PIA21146:
Mudstone Mineralogy from Curiosity's CheMin, 2013 to 2016
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Add Image to Favorite List 2016-12-13 Mars Mars Science Laboratory (MSL)
CheMin
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Data graphed here from the CheMin instrument on NASA's Mars Curiosity rover show a difference between clay minerals in powder drilled from mudstone outcrops at two locations, 'Yellowknife Bay' and 'Murray Buttes' in Mars' Gale Crater.
PIA21147:
Detecting a Difference in Clay Minerals at Two Gale Crater Sites
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Add Image to Favorite List 2016-12-13 Mars Mars Science Laboratory (MSL)
CheMin
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This diagram illustrates how the dimensions of clay minerals' crystal structure are affected by which ions are present in the composition of the mineral. Different clay minerals were identified this way at two sites, 'Yellowknife Bay' and 'Murray Buttes'
PIA21148:
Clay Mineral Crystal Structure Tied to Composition
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Add Image to Favorite List 2016-12-13 Mars Mars Science Laboratory (MSL)
CheMin
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This graphic shows proportions of minerals identified in mudstone exposures at the 'Yellowknife Bay' location where NASA's Curiosity Mars rover first analyzed bedrock, in 2013, and at the 'Murray Buttes' area investigated in 2016.
PIA21149:
Mineral Content Comparison at Two Gale Crater Sites
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Add Image to Favorite List 2012-09-12 Mars Mars Science Laboratory (MSL)
CheMin
MAHLI
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This image from NASA's Curiosity rover shows the cover on an inlet that will receive powdered rock and soil samples for analysis. The image also shows sand and angular and rounded pebbles that were deposited on the rover deck when it landed.
PIA16162:
Getting Ready for Sampling on Mars
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Add Image to Favorite List 2012-09-12 Mars Mars Science Laboratory (MSL)
CheMin
MAHLI
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This image from NASA's Curiosity rover shows the open inlet where powdered rock and soil samples will be funneled down for analysis.
PIA16163:
Say 'Ahh' on Mars
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Add Image to Favorite List 2015-12-17 Mars Mars Science Laboratory (MSL)
CheMin
MAHLI
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The graph at right presents information from the NASA Curiosity Mars rover's onboard analysis of rock powder drilled from the 'Buckskin' target location, shown at left.
PIA20271:
'Buckskin' Drill Hole and CheMin X-ray Diffraction
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Add Image to Favorite List 2015-12-17 Mars Mars Science Laboratory (MSL)
CheMin
MAHLI
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The graph at right presents information from the NASA Curiosity Mars rover's onboard analysis of rock powder drilled from the 'Big Sky' and 'Greenhorn' target locations, shown at left.
PIA20272:
'Big Sky' and 'Greenhorn' Drill Holes and CheMin X-ray Diffraction
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Add Image to Favorite List 2012-10-30 Mars Mars Science Laboratory (MSL)
CheMin
Mastcam
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This pair of images shows a 'bite mark' where NASA's Curiosity rover scooped up some Martian soil (left), and the scoop carrying soil.
PIA16173:
Curiosity Digs In
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Add Image to Favorite List 2012-10-30 Mars Mars Science Laboratory (MSL)
CheMin
Mastcam
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This pair of images from the Mast Camera on NASA's Curiosity rover shows the upper portion of a wind-blown deposit dubbed 'Rocknest.' At left, colors are unmodified, showing the scene as it would appear on Mars, which has a dusty red-colored atmosphere.
PIA16174:
Wind-Blown Martian Sand
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Add Image to Favorite List 2012-08-30 Mars Mars Science Laboratory (MSL)
ChemCam
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The Chemistry and Camera (ChemCam) instrument on NASA's Mars rover Curiosity used its laser to examine side-by-side points in a target patch of soil, leaving the marks apparent in this before-and-after comparison.
PIA15695:
Marks of Laser Exam on Martian Soil
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Add Image to Favorite List 2012-08-17 Mars Mars Science Laboratory (MSL)
ChemCam
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This image shows the calibration target for the Chemistry and Camera (ChemCam) instrument on NASA's Curiosity rover. The calibration target is one square and a group of nine circles that look dark in the black-and-white image.
PIA16069:
Readying ChemCam
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Add Image to Favorite List 2012-08-17 Mars Mars Science Laboratory (MSL)
ChemCam
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This image shows the calibration target for the Chemistry and Camera instrument on NASA's Curiosity rover before it was installed on the rover and readied for launch.
PIA16070:
Pre-Launch Calibration Target for ChemCam
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Add Image to Favorite List 2012-08-17 Mars Mars Science Laboratory (MSL)
ChemCam
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This mosaic shows the calibration target for the Chemistry and Camera (ChemCam) instrument on NASA's Curiosity rover, as seen by the ChemCam's remote micro-imager. The 10 images incorporated in this mosaic were taken on Aug. 15.
PIA16071:
Checking out ChemCam's View
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Add Image to Favorite List 2012-08-19 Mars Mars Science Laboratory (MSL)
ChemCam
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This composite image, with magnified insets, depicts the first laser test by the Chemistry and Camera, or ChemCam, instrument aboard NASA's Curiosity Mars rover.
PIA16075:
First Laser-Zapped Rock on Mars
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Add Image to Favorite List 2012-10-22 Mars Mars Science Laboratory (MSL)
ChemCam
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The Chemistry and Camera (ChemCam) instrument on NASA's Mars rover Curiosity used its laser and spectrometers to examine what chemical elements are in a drift of Martian sand during the mission's 74th Martian day, or sol (Oct. 20, 2012).
PIA16234:
Laser Hit on Martian Sand Target, Before and After Animation Icon
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Add Image to Favorite List 2012-11-26 Mars Mars Science Laboratory (MSL)
ChemCam
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This view of a rock called 'Rocknest 3' combines two images taken by the Chemistry and Camera (ChemCam) instrument on the NASA Mars rover Curiosity and indicates five spots where ChemCam had hit the rock with laser pulses to check its composition.
PIA16451:
Mars Rock 'Rocknest 3' Imaged by Curiosity's ChemCam
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Add Image to Favorite List 2013-01-15 Mars Mars Science Laboratory (MSL)
ChemCam
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This graphic from NASA's Curiosity mission shows close-ups of light-toned veins in rocks in the 'Yellowknife Bay' area of Mars together with analyses of their composition.
PIA16615:
Calcium-Rich Veins in Martian Rocks
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Add Image to Favorite List 2013-01-15 Mars Mars Science Laboratory (MSL)
ChemCam
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This graphic from NASA's Curiosity mission shows an analysis of the composition of two rocks called 'Crest' and 'Rapitan' in the 'Yellowknife Bay' area of Mars.
PIA16616:
Signs of Hydrated Calcium Sulfates in Martian Rocks
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Add Image to Favorite List 2013-01-15 Mars Mars Science Laboratory (MSL)
ChemCam
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This set of images shows the similarity of sulfate-rich veins seen on Mars by NASA's Curiosity rover to sulfate-rich veins seen on Earth.
PIA16617:
Veins in Rocks on Mars and Earth
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Add Image to Favorite List 2013-02-04 Mars Mars Science Laboratory (MSL)
ChemCam
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The shape of the tip of the bit in the drill of NASA's Mars rover Curiosity is apparent in this view recorded by the remote micro-imager in the rover's ChemCam instrument on Mars. Jan. 29, 2012; the bit is about 0.6 inch (1.6 centimeters) wide.
PIA16718:
Drill Bit Tip on Mars Rover Curiosity, Side View
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Add Image to Favorite List 2013-02-04 Mars Mars Science Laboratory (MSL)
ChemCam
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This head-on view shows the tip of the drill bit on NASA's Mars rover Curiosity. The view merges two exposures taken by the remote micro-imager in the rover's ChemCam instrument at different focus settings.
PIA16719:
Drill Bit Tip on Mars Rover Curiosity, Head-on View
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Add Image to Favorite List 2013-04-08 Mars Mars Science Laboratory (MSL)
ChemCam
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This pair of images taken a few minutes apart show how laser firing by NASA's Mars rover Curiosity removes dust from the surface of a rock. The images were taken by the remote micro-imager camera in the laser-firing Chemistry and Camera (ChemCam).
PIA16819:
Curiosity's ChemCam Removes Dust
Full Resolution:     TIFF (2.075 MB)     JPEG (71.03 kB)
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