PIA22194: Multiple Aspects of the Southern California Wildfires as Seen by NASA's AVIRIS
 Target Name:  Earth
 Is a satellite of:  Sol (our sun)
 Mission:  Earth Observing System (EOS)
 Spacecraft:  ER-2
 Instrument:  AVIRIS
 Product Size:  2999 x 2249 pixels (w x h)
 Produced By:  JPL
 Full-Res TIFF:  PIA22194.tif (9.873 MB)
 Full-Res JPEG:  PIA22194.jpg (835.3 kB)

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NASA's Airborne Visible Infrared Imaging Spectrometer instrument (AVIRIS), flying aboard a NASA Armstrong Flight Research Center high-altitude ER-2 aircraft, observed wildfires burning in Southern California on Dec. 5-7, 2017. AVIRIS is an imaging spectrometer that observes light in visible and infrared wavelengths, measuring the full spectrum of radiated energy. Unlike regular cameras with three colors, AVIRIS has 224 spectral channels, measuring contiguously from the visible through the shortwave infrared. Data from these flights, compared against measurements acquired earlier in the year, show many ways this one instrument can improve both our understanding of fire risk and the response to fires in progress.

The top row in this image compilation shows pre-fire data acquired from June 2017. At top left is a visible-wavelength image similar to what our own eyes would see. The top middle image is a map of surface composition based on analyzing the full electromagnetic spectrum, revealing green vegetated areas and non-photosynthetic vegetation that is potential fuel as well as non-vegetated surfaces that may slow an advancing fire. The image at top right is a remote measurement of the water in tree canopies, a proxy for how much moisture is in the vegetation.

The bottom row in the compilation shows data acquired from the Thomas fire in progress in December 2017. At bottom left is a visible wavelength image. The bottom middle image is an infrared image, with red at 2,250 nanometers showing fire energy, green at 1,650 nanometers showing the surface through the smoke, and blue at 1,000 nanometers showing the smoke itself. The image at bottom right is a fire temperature map using spectroscopic analysis to measure fire thermal emission recorded in the AVIRIS spectra.

AVIRIS is sponsored by NASA's Earth Science Division and is operated by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California. It was deployed on the ER-2 aircraft in cooperation with NASA's Armstrong Flight Research Center.

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