PIA21962: Sentinel-1 Radar Shows Ground Motion From Sept. 2017 Oaxaca-Chiapas, Mexico Quake
 Target Name:  Earth
 Is a satellite of:  Sol (our sun)
 Mission:  ARIA
 Spacecraft:  Copernicus Sentinel-1A
 Product Size:  1860 x 1896 pixels (w x h)
 Produced By:  JPL
 Full-Res TIFF:  PIA21962.tif (2.292 MB)
 Full-Res JPEG:  PIA21962.jpg (259.6 kB)

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NASA and its partners are contributing important observations and expertise to the ongoing response to the Sept. 7, 2017 (local time), magnitude 8.1 Oaxaca-Chiapas earthquake in Mexico. This earthquake was the strongest in more than a century in Mexico. It has caused a significant humanitarian crisis, with widespread building damage and triggered landslides throughout the region.

Scientists with the Advanced Rapid Imaging and Analysis project (ARIA), a collaboration between NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California; and Caltech, also in Pasadena, analyzed interferometric synthetic aperture radar images from the radar instrument on the Copernicus Sentinel-1A and Sentinel-1B satellites operated by the European Space Agency (ESA) to calculate a map of the deformation of Earth's surface caused by the quake. This false-color map shows the amount of permanent surface movement caused almost entirely by the earthquake, as viewed by the satellite, during a six-day interval between radar images acquired by the two Sentinel-1 satellites on Sept. 7 and Sept. 13, 2017.

In this map, the colors of the surface displacements are proportional to the surface motion. The red tones show the areas along the coast of Chiapas and Oaxaca have moved toward the satellite by as much as 9 inches (22 centimeters) in a combination of up and eastward motion. The area in between and farther north with various shades of blue moved away from the satellite, mostly downward or westward, by as much as 6 inches (15 centimeters). Areas without color are open water or heavy vegetation, which prevent the radar from measuring change between the satellite images. Scientists use these maps to build detailed models of the fault slip at depth and associated land movements to better understand the impact on future earthquake activity. The green star shows the location of the earthquake epicenter estimated by the United States Geological Survey (USGS) National Earthquake Information Center.

Map contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2017, processed by ESA and analyzed by the NASA/JPL-Caltech ARIA team. This research was carried out at JPL under a contract with NASA. Sentinel-1 data were accessed through the Copernicus Open Access Hub. Full-resolution Google Earth overlay images are available as a large KMZ file from the ARIAshare website https://aria-share.jpl.nasa.gov/events/20170908-Oaxaca_Chiapas_Mexico_EQ/interferogram/.

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