An eruption from the surface of the sun is conspicuous in the lower left portion of this July 6, 2015, image from NASA's Earth-orbiting Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO). It originates from a location on the surface where NASA's Curiosity Mars rover had been tracking a sunspot in late June and early July.
This image was taken by the Atmosphere Imaging Assembly on SDO using the instrument's 131-Angstrom wavelength channel, which is sensitive to hot solar flares.
The sun completes a rotation about once a month -- faster near its equator than near its poles. This summer, Mars has a view of the opposite side of the sun from what's facing Earth. Images from Curiosity tracking a southern-hemisphere sunspot until it rotated out of view during the July 4 weekend are in an animation at PIA19801. This location on the sun rotated into position to be seen from Earth a few days later.
The eruption visible in this image was linked to a coronal mass ejection observed by SDO and NASA's Solar and Heliospheric Observatory. The coronal mass ejection affected interplanetary space weather, as shown at http://go.nasa.gov/1JSXLF3.
SDO is managed by NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland, for NASA's Science Mission Directorate, Washington. Its Atmosphere Imaging Assembly was built by the Lockheed Martin Solar Astrophysics Laboratory (LMSAL), Palo Alto, California.