PIA18862: Brightness Rhythm of Mars Flyby Comet Is Clue to Rotation Rate
 Target Name:  Mars
 Mission:  Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO)
 Spacecraft:  Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO)
 Instrument:  HiRISE
 Product Size:  973 x 779 pixels (w x h)
 Produced By:  University of Arizona/HiRISE-LPL
 Full-Res TIFF:  PIA18862.tif (759 kB)
 Full-Res JPEG:  PIA18862.jpg (58.15 kB)

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This graph shows changes in apparent brightness of comet C/2013 A1 Siding Spring as it approached and receded from Mars, as seen by the High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE) camera on NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter.

From the pattern in this graph and other data, researchers conclude that the comet's nucleus rotates once every eight hours. Each peak in apparent brightness corresponds to either a specific area on the nucleus of the comet or a bright jet of material escaping from the nucleus.

The data come from 54 HiRISE observations, beginning 60 hours before the comet's closest approach to Mars on Oct. 19, 2014, and continuing until 15 hour after closest approach. The eight-hour cycle is overlaid on a pattern of apparent brightness increasing as the comet approached, and then dimming as it receded.

For more information on these and other HiRISE images, see http://hirise.lpl.arizona.edu.

HiRISE is one of six instruments on NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter. The University of Arizona, Tucson, operates HiRISE, which was built by Ball Aerospace & Technologies Corp., Boulder, Colorado. JPL, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, manages the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter Project for NASA's Science Mission Directorate, Washington.

Image Credit:
NASA/JPL-Caltech/University of Arizona

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