PIA12068: Fading Away
 Target Name:  Mercury
 Is a satellite of:  Sol (our sun)
 Mission:  MESSENGER
 Spacecraft:  MESSENGER
 Instrument:  MDIS - Narrow Angle
 Product Size:  1018 x 1024 pixels (w x h)
 Produced By:  Johns Hopkins University/APL
 Full-Res TIFF:  PIA12068.tif (1.044 MB)
 Full-Res JPEG:  PIA12068.jpg (179.3 kB)

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Original Caption Released with Image:

This NAC image from MESSENGERís second Mercury flyby shows a crater with a set of light-colored rays radiating outward from it. Such rays are formed when an impact excavates material from below the surface and throws it outward from the crater. These bright rays, consisting both of ejecta and the secondary craters that form when the ejected material re-impacts the surface, slowly begin to fade as they are exposed to the harsh space environment. Mercury and other airless planetary bodies are constantly being bombarded with micrometeorites and energetic ions, an effect known as space weathering. Craters with bright rays are thought to be relatively young because the rays are still visible, suggesting that they have had less exposure to weathering processes. The crater in the center of this image has rays that have already begun to fade, implying that it is older than some other rayed craters on Mercuryís surface. Images of younger craters with much brighter and more striking rays have been previously released (see PIA11355).

Date Acquired: October 6, 2008
Image Mission Elapsed Time (MET): 131771863
Instrument: Narrow Angle Camera (NAC) of the Mercury Dual Imaging System (MDIS)
Resolution: 240 meters/pixel (0.15 miles/pixel)
Scale: Image is approximately 240 kilometers (150 miles) wide
Spacecraft Altitude: 9,500 kilometers (5,900 miles)

These images are from MESSENGER, a NASA Discovery mission to conduct the first orbital study of the innermost planet, Mercury. For information regarding the use of images, see the MESSENGER image use policy.

Image Credit:
NASA/Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory/Carnegie Institution of Washington

Image Addition Date: