PIA03961: Small Impact Crater
 Target Name:  Mars
 Is a satellite of:  Sol (our sun)
 Mission:  Mars Global Surveyor (MGS)
 Spacecraft:  Mars Global Surveyor Orbiter
 Instrument:  Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC)
 Product Size:  672 x 831 pixels (w x h)
 Produced By:  Malin Space Science Systems
 Producer ID:  MOC2-1130
 Full-Res TIFF:  PIA03961.tif (559.2 kB)
 Full-Res JPEG:  PIA03961.jpg (58.91 kB)

Click on the image above to download a moderately sized image in JPEG format (possibly reduced in size from original)

Original Caption Released with Image:

22 June 2005
This Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) image shows a small impact crater with a "butterfly" ejecta pattern. The butterfly pattern results from an oblique impact. Not all oblique impacts result in an elliptical crater, but they can result in a non-radial pattern of ejecta distribution. The two-toned nature of the ejecta -- with dark material near the crater and brighter material further away -- might indicate the nature of subsurface materials. Below the surface, there may be a layer of lighter-toned material, underlain by a layer of darker material. The impact throws these materials out in a pattern that reflects the nature of the underlying layers.

Location near: 3.7N, 348.2W
Image width: ~3 km (~1.9 mi)
Illumination from: lower left
Season: Northern Autumn

Image Credit:
NASA/JPL/Malin Space Science Systems

Image Addition Date: