PIA18379: NASA Spacecraft Spots Signs of Erupting Russian Volcano
Target Name: Earth
Is a satellite of: Sol (our sun)
Mission: Terra
Spacecraft: Terra
Instrument: ASTER
Product Size: 1504 x 1267 pixels (width x height)
Produced By: JPL
Full-Res TIFF: PIA18379.tif (1.908 MB)
Full-Res JPEG: PIA18379.jpg (297.3 kB)

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Original Caption Released with Image:

Winter still grips the volcanoes on Russia's Kamchatka peninsula. In this new image, acquired by the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) instrument on NASA's Terra spacecraft, the mantle of white is disturbed by dark ash entirely covering Sheveluch volcano from recent eruptions. During the previous week, ash plumes rising up to 6.2 miles (10 kilometers) were reported by the Kamchatka Volcanic Eruption Response Team. The image was acquired May 15, 2014, and is located at 56.6 degrees north, 160.6 degrees east.

With its 14 spectral bands from the visible to the thermal infrared wavelength region and its high spatial resolution of 15 to 90 meters (about 50 to 300 feet), ASTER images Earth to map and monitor the changing surface of our planet. ASTER is one of five Earth-observing instruments launched Dec. 18, 1999, on Terra. The instrument was built by Japan's Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry. A joint U.S./Japan science team is responsible for validation and calibration of the instrument and data products.

The broad spectral coverage and high spectral resolution of ASTER provides scientists in numerous disciplines with critical information for surface mapping and monitoring of dynamic conditions and temporal change. Example applications are: monitoring glacial advances and retreats; monitoring potentially active volcanoes; identifying crop stress; determining cloud morphology and physical properties; wetlands evaluation; thermal pollution monitoring; coral reef degradation; surface temperature mapping of soils and geology; and measuring surface heat balance.

The U.S. science team is located at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif. The Terra mission is part of NASA's Science Mission Directorate, Washington, D.C.

More information about ASTER is available at http://asterweb.jpl.nasa.gov/.

Image Credit:
NASA/GSFC/METI/ERSDAC/JAROS, and U.S./Japan ASTER Science Team

Image Addition Date:
2014-05-20