This image, taken with the Wide Angle Camera (WAC), shows the southern portion of Vivaldi basin and its continuous ejecta blanket. Named for the Italian Baroque composer Antonio Lucia Vivaldi, Vivaldi is a double-ring basin, a structure that can form when a large meteoroid impacts a rocky planet. The smooth floor may be the result of volcanic eruptions that partially flooded the basin some time after impact. The texture of the ejecta blanket is emphasized by the low-angle illumination. The crater chains surrounding Vivaldi were created by material thrown out of the basin target site during impact that then fell back onto the surface.
This image was acquired as part of MDIS's high-incidence-angle base map. The high-incidence-angle base map is a major mapping activity in MESSENGER's extended mission and complements the surface morphology base map of MESSENGER's primary mission that was acquired under generally more moderate incidence angles. High incidence angles, achieved when the Sun is near the horizon, result in long shadows that accentuate the small-scale topography of geologic features. The high-incidence-angle base map is being acquired with an average resolution of 200 meters/pixel.
Date acquired: August 26, 2012
Image Mission Elapsed Time (MET): 254483850
Image ID: 2463409
Instrument: Wide Angle Camera (WAC) of the Mercury Dual Imaging System (MDIS)
WAC filter: 7 (748 nanometers)
Center Latitude: 10.42°
Center Longitude: 273.5° E
Resolution: 256 meters/pixel
Scale: Vivaldi basin is about 213 km (132 mi) across.
Incidence Angle: 86.9°
Emission Angle: 18.3°
Phase Angle: 105.2°
The MESSENGER spacecraft is the first ever to orbit the planet Mercury, and the spacecraft's seven scientific instruments and radio science investigation are unraveling the history and evolution of the Solar System's innermost planet. Visit the Why Mercury? section of this website to learn more about the key science questions that the MESSENGER mission is addressing. During the one-year primary mission, MDIS acquired 88,746 images and extensive other data sets. MESSENGER is now in a year-long extended mission, during which plans call for the acquisition of more than 80,000 additional images to support MESSENGER's science goals.
These images are from MESSENGER, a NASA Discovery mission to conduct the first orbital study of the innermost planet, Mercury. For information regarding the use of images, see the MESSENGER image use policy.