This sinusoidal equal area projection map shows a color composite of Mercury spectral reflectance observed by the MASCS VIRS instrument over the MESSENGER primary mission. VIRS footprint tracks are RGB-colored where red is brightness at 575 nm; green is the visible to infrared brightness ratio (415 nm / 750 nm); and blue is the ultraviolet to visible ratio (310 nm / 390 nm).
Broad regional differences and local areas of interest stand out with combinations of ratio and brightness values that give clues to mineralogical composition. Younger surface materials that are brighter at visible wavelengths and less affected by the processes of space weathering show up in reds, yellows and greens. Materials that may have relatively higher iron contents (though still very low relative to most lunar or terrestrial crustal rocks) show up in blues.
In locations where multiple VIRS footprints cover the same area, the footprint with the best illumination for mineralogical interpretation (usually the lowest incidence angle where shadows are minimized) is used for making the map.
Date Created: April 10, 2012
Instrument: Visible and Infrared Spectrograph (VIRS) of the MESSENGER Atmosphere and Surface Composition Spectrometer (MASCS)
Center Latitude: 0°
Center Longitude: 0° E
Resolution: 16 km/pixel
The MESSENGER spacecraft is the first ever to orbit the planet Mercury, and the spacecraft's seven scientific instruments and radio science investigation are unraveling the history and evolution of the Solar System's innermost planet. Visit the Why Mercury? section of this website to learn more about the key science questions that the MESSENGER mission is addressing. During the one-year primary mission, MDIS acquired 88,746 images and extensive other data sets. MESSENGER is now in a year-long extended mission, during which plans call for the acquisition of more than 80,000 additional images to support MESSENGER's science goals.
These images are from MESSENGER, a NASA Discovery mission to conduct the first orbital study of the innermost planet, Mercury. For information regarding the use of images, see the MESSENGER image use policy.