This image contains four large impact craters of about the same size. Bronte, thought to be the oldest, is near the center of the right edge of the image and is about 68 km in diameter. The younger crater, Degas, with its sharp rim, formed just tangent to Bronte. Bronte is named for sisters and English novelists Charlotte (1816-1855), Emily (1818-1848), and Anne (1820-1849) and their brother Branwell (1817-1848) who was an author and painter.
This image was acquired as part of MDIS's high-resolution surface morphology base map. The surface morphology base map will cover more than 90% of Mercury's surface with an average resolution of 250 meters/pixel (0.16 miles/pixel or 820 feet/pixel). Images acquired for the surface morphology base map typically have off-vertical Sun angles (i.e., high incidence angles) and visible shadows so as to reveal clearly the topographic form of geologic features.
The MESSENGER spacecraft is the first ever to orbit the planet Mercury, and the spacecraft's seven scientific instruments and radio science investigation are unraveling the history and evolution of the Solar System's innermost planet. Visit the Why Mercury? section of this website to learn more about the key science questions that the MESSENGER mission is addressing. During the one-year primary mission, MDIS is scheduled to acquire more than 75,000 images in support of MESSENGER's science goals.
Date acquired: June 21, 2011
Image Mission Elapsed Time (MET): 217141631
Image ID: 407187
Instrument: Wide Angle Camera (WAC) of the Mercury Dual Imaging System (MDIS)
WAC filter: 7 (748 nanometers)
Center Latitude: 37.60°
Center Longitude: 230.5° E
Resolution: 280 meters/pixel
Scale: The edges of the image are about 280 km (174 mi.) long.
Incidence Angle: 60.3°
Emission Angle: 0.4°
Phase Angle: 60.0°
These images are from MESSENGER, a NASA Discovery mission to conduct the first orbital study of the innermost planet, Mercury. For information regarding the use of images, see the MESSENGER image use policy.