PIA12054: Using Reprojections to Examine Mercury's Surface
Target Name: Mercury
Is a satellite of: Sol (our sun)
Mission: MESSENGER
Spacecraft: MESSENGER
Instrument: MDIS - Narrow Angle
Product Size: 574 x 574 pixels (width x height)
Produced By: Johns Hopkins University/APL
Full-Res TIFF: PIA12054.tif (330 kB)
Full-Res JPEG: PIA12054.jpg (57.37 kB)

Click on the image above to download a moderately sized image in JPEG format (possibly reduced in size from original)

Original Caption Released with Image:

The scarp cutting through this crater was imaged as MESSENGER approached the planet during the mission's second Mercury flyby. The full NAC image acquired by MDIS is shown in a previous release (PIA11772) while the image shown here is a reprojected view. Compare the two images to see the differences.

By using very precise knowledge about the time that the image was taken and the location of the spacecraft at that time, the original image can be mapped onto a globe of Mercury. Once mapped onto a Mercury globe, that globe can be viewed in many different ways, including reprojections that create flat maps of Mercury's surface, as seen in this global map of Mercury (PIA11403). The reprojected image shown here is from a simple cylindrical map projection. Map projections are needed to measure accurately the extent of features on the surface. For example, from this reprojection it was determined that this scarp is about 1 kilometer (0.6 miles) high and over 160 kilometers (100 miles) in length. MESSENGER Science Team members recently published an image similar to this reprojection in Science magazine.

Date Acquired: October 6, 2008
Image Mission Elapsed Time (MET): 131766501
Instrument: Narrow Angle Camera (NAC) of the Mercury Dual Imaging System (MDIS)
Resolution: 420 meters/pixel (0.26 miles)
Scale: This crater is about 200 kilometers (124 miles) in diameter
Spacecraft Altitude: 16,300 kilometers (10,100 miles)

These images are from MESSENGER, a NASA Discovery mission to conduct the first orbital study of the innermost planet, Mercury. For information regarding the use of images, see the MESSENGER image use policy.

Image Credit:
NASA/Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory/Arizona State University/Carnegie Institution of Washington

Image Addition Date:
2009-06-02