The Yolla Bolly Complex Wildland Fire was started on June 21 by a lightning strike. As of July 11, it had burned 8,000 acres and was 65% contained. This is one of the numerous lightning-triggered blazes burning in northern California this summer. This false-color image was made from visible and infrared data collected by the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) on NASA's Terra satellite on July 6. The image centers on the largest of the fires. The burned area is charcoal-colored, while surrounding forest and other vegetation is red. Smoke is light blue-gray.
ASTER is one of five Earth-observing instruments launched December 18, 1999, on NASA's Terra satellite. The instrument was built by Japan's Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry. A joint U.S./Japan science team is responsible for validation and calibration of the instrument and the data products.
The broad spectral coverage and high spectral resolution of ASTER provides scientists in numerous disciplines with critical information for surface mapping, and monitoring of dynamic conditions and temporal change. Example applications are: monitoring glacial advances and retreats; monitoring potentially active volcanoes; identifying crop stress; determining cloud morphology and physical properties; wetlands evaluation; thermal pollution monitoring; coral reef degradation; surface temperature mapping of soils and geology; and measuring surface heat balance.
The U.S. science team is located at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif. The Terra mission is part of NASA's Science Mission Directorate.
Size: 22.5 by 33.2 kilometers (14 by 20.6 miles)
Location: 40.1 degrees North latitude, 122.9 degrees West longitude
Orientation: North at top
Image Data: ASTER bands 3, 2, and 1
Original Data Resolution: 15 meters (49 feet)
Dates Acquired: July 6, 2008