Interstate 10 across Pensacola Bay, Florida was severely damaged by Hurricane Ivan. The ASTER image acquired September 21 (left) clearly shows the destruction, compared with an image acquired September 28, 2003 (right). The Florida Department of Transportation awarded a contract to repair the twin bridges that connect Escambia and Santa Rosa Counties. Traffic could resume crossing the bay in mid-October. These images display vegetation in red, buildings and roads in white and gray, and water in dark blue and green.
With its 14 spectral bands from the visible to the thermal infrared wavelength region, and its high spatial resolution of 15 to 90 meters (about 50 to 300 feet), ASTER images Earth to map and monitor the changing surface of our planet.
ASTER is one of five Earth-observing instruments launched December 18, 1999, on NASA's Terra satellite. The instrument was built by Japan's Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry. A joint U.S./Japan science team is responsible for validation and calibration of the instrument and the data products.
The broad spectral coverage and high spectral resolution of ASTER provides scientists in numerous disciplines with critical information for surface mapping, and monitoring of dynamic conditions and temporal change. Example applications are: monitoring glacial advances and retreats; monitoring potentially active volcanoes; identifying crop stress; determining cloud morphology and physical properties; wetlands evaluation; thermal pollution monitoring; coral reef degradation; surface temperature mapping of soils and geology; and measuring surface heat balance.
The U.S. Science Team is located at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), Pasadena, Calif. The Terra mission is part of NASA's Science Mission Directorate.
Size: 6 by 6.5 kilometers (3.7 x 4 miles)
Location: 30.5 degrees North latitude, 87.1 degrees West longitude
Orientation: North at top
Image Data: ASTER bands 3,2, and 1
Original Data Resolution: 15 meters (49.2 feet)
Dates Acquired: September 21, 2004, and September 28, 2003