PIA04716: Upside Down Craters
Target Name: Mars
Is a satellite of: Sol (our sun)
Mission: 2001 Mars Odyssey
Spacecraft: 2001 Mars Odyssey
Instrument: THEMIS
Product Size: 1211 x 3061 pixels (width x height)
Produced By: Arizona State University
Full-Res TIFF: PIA04716.tif (3.493 MB)
Full-Res JPEG: PIA04716.jpg (799.2 kB)

Click on the image above to download a moderately sized image in JPEG format (possibly reduced in size from original)

Original Caption Released with Image:


Released 28 August 2003

This image shows an area not too far south of Meridiani, the area where the mineral hematite was found on the Martian surface. In the center of the image the terrain becomes quite rugged, where a great amount of material has eroded away, leaving behind buttes and mesas. Note how some of the mesas are quite circular. This is an example of "inverted terrain," in which a topographically low feature, like a crater or a trench, becomes filled in with material. Later, the surrounding terrain erodes away while the feature protects the material filling it. These circular mesas are most likely inverted craters that were once holes in the ground.

Image information: VIS instrument. Latitude -28.2, Longitude 8.7 East (351.3 West). 19 meter/pixel resolution.

Note: this THEMIS visual image has not been radiometrically nor geometrically calibrated for this preliminary release. An empirical correction has been performed to remove instrumental effects. A linear shift has been applied in the cross-track and down-track direction to approximate spacecraft and planetary motion. Fully calibrated and geometrically projected images will be released through the Planetary Data System in accordance with Project policies at a later time.

NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory manages the 2001 Mars Odyssey mission for NASA's Office of Space Science, Washington, D.C. The Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS) was developed by Arizona State University, Tempe, in collaboration with Raytheon Santa Barbara Remote Sensing. The THEMIS investigation is led by Dr. Philip Christensen at Arizona State University. Lockheed Martin Astronautics, Denver, is the prime contractor for the Odyssey project, and developed and built the orbiter. Mission operations are conducted jointly from Lockheed Martin and from JPL, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena.

Image Credit:
NASA/JPL/Arizona State University

Image Addition Date:
2003-09-03