PIA03830: Canyons and Mesas of Aureum Chaos
Target Name: Mars
Is a satellite of: Sol (our sun)
Mission: 2001 Mars Odyssey
Spacecraft: 2001 Mars Odyssey
Instrument: THEMIS
Product Size: 1240 x 3043 pixels (width x height)
Produced By: Arizona State University
Producer ID: 20020617A
Full-Res TIFF: PIA03830.tif (1.623 MB)
Full-Res JPEG: PIA03830.jpg (342.9 kB)

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Original Caption Released with Image:

(Released 17 June 2002)

This image contains a portion of Aureum Chaos located just south of the Martian equator. This fractured landscape contains canyons and mesas with two large impact craters in the upper left. The largest crater is older than the one above it. This is readily evident because a landslide deposit created by the smaller crater's impact is seen on the larger crater's floor. The overall scene has a rather muted appearance due to mantling by dust. Some small dark streaks can also be seen in this scene. These small dark streaks suggest that the materials covering this area occasionally become unstable and slide. Ridges of resistant material also can be observed in the walls of the canyons. The wall rock seen in the upper part of the cliffs appears to be layered. Classic spur and gully topography created by differing amounts of erosion and possibly different rock types is also visible here. One important observation to be made in this region is that there are no gullies apparent on the slopes such as those seen in Gorgonum Chaos (June 11th daily image). Latitude appears to play a major role in gully occurrence and distribution, with the gullies being predominately found pole ward of 30.

Image Credit:
NASA/JPL/Arizona State University

Image Addition Date:
2002-06-26