PIA00509: Hurricane Ileana in the Eastern Pacific
Target Name: Earth
Is a satellite of: Sol (our sun)
Mission: Aqua
Spacecraft: Aqua
Instrument: Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS)
Product Size: 900 x 695 pixels (width x height)
Produced By: JPL
Full-Res TIFF: PIA00509.tif (1.879 MB)
Full-Res JPEG: PIA00509.jpg (124.2 kB)

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Original Caption Released with Image:

Click here for microwave image of PIA00509Click here for visible light image of PIA00509
Microwave ImageVisible Light Image

At the time the data were taken from which these images were made, Ileana is still intensifying. Peak winds were 100 knots and the minimum pressure 960mb. Major convection/rain bands can be seen in the NE quadrant of the storm.

Infrared Image
This is an infrared image of Hurricane Ileana in the Eastern Pacific, from the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) on NASA's Aqua satellite on August 22, 2006. This AIRS image shows the temperature of the cloud tops or the surface of the Earth in cloud-free regions. The lowest temperatures (in purple) are associated with high, cold cloud tops that make up the top of the storm. The infrared signal does not penetrate through clouds. Where there are no clouds the AIRS instrument reads the infrared signal from the surface of the Earth, revealing warmer temperatures (red).

Microwave Image
The second image is created from microwave radiation emitted by Earth's atmosphere and received by the instrument. It shows where the heaviest rainfall is taking place (in blue) in the storm. Blue areas outside of the storm where there are either some clouds or no clouds, indicate where the sea surface shines through.

Vis/NIR Image
Hurricane Ileana captured by the visible light/near-infrared sensor on the AIRS instrument.

About AIRS
The Atmospheric Infrared Sounder, AIRS, in conjunction with the Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit, AMSU, senses emitted infrared and microwave radiation from Earth to provide a three-dimensional look at Earth's weather and climate. Working in tandem, the two instruments make simultaneous observations all the way down to Earth's surface, even in the presence of heavy clouds. With more than 2,000 channels sensing different regions of the atmosphere, the system creates a global, three-dimensional map of atmospheric temperature and humidity, cloud amounts and heights, greenhouse gas concentrations, and many other atmospheric phenomena. Launched into Earth orbit in 2002, the AIRS and AMSU instruments fly onboard NASA's Aqua spacecraft and are managed by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, Calif., under contract to NASA. JPL is a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena.

More information about AIRS can be found at http://airs.jpl.nasa.gov.

Image Credit:
NASA/JPL

Image Addition Date:
2006-08-22